Category Archives: keyframes

TIP: Delete Keyframe

There are at least 5 different ways to delete a keyframe. But, most people only know method 1 below.

  • Method 1. Right click while hovering over or after selecting the keyframe to delete. Select the Delete option from the popup menu.
  • Method 2. In the Slide Options | Effects | Motion Effects window, drag the keyframe right or left until another keyframe is reached. The overlapping keyframes are now outlined in yellow. Release the mouse button to delete a keyframe.The keyframe that remains, including all settings, is the one that was dragged.
    • CAVEAT. As of release 4.52.4049, if you still have the default ProShow Intro show selected, you may not see this behavior. Instead, you will find it impossible to delete a keyframe by dragging a keyframe left over a previous keyframe. This is a behavior bug and an odd one at that (since there should be absolutely NO connection between the keyframe behavior and an introductory show). So, turn off the ProShow intro or select one of your own as an intro show. One way to do this is by clicking on Create Output, Select DVD. In the Create DVD window, select Shows. In the lower right is the Include Intro Show section. Unselect the box (it will change from a check in a green box to a white box labeled off) or select your own show as an introductory show.
  • Method 3. If all time between two keyframes is removed, the keyframe to the right is removed. The remaining keyframe has the settings of the keyframe from which time was removed. (See Keyframes: Add/Remove Time).
  • Method 4. In the Multi-Layer Keyframe Editor there are two methods for deleting keyframes: single layer and across multiple layers. In either case, to delete: right click the mouse(s) over one on the selected keyframes and select Delete Selected Keyframes. Delete a single keyframe at a time or multiple keyframes across multiple layers (one keyframe per layer).
    • 4a) Single Layer. Select a keyframe. Delete it as given above. The keyframe gets deleted and the next keyframe gets selected. Do it again. Upon deleting a keyframe, the next keyframe gets selected. Good for quickly deleting many keyframes in a row. This is similar to method 1 above. However, it does not automatically select the next keyframe when a keyframe is deleted whereas this method does.
    • 4b) Multiple Layers. There are two methods here: rubber banding and multiple selections.
      • 4-b1) Rubber Band. Select Keyframes by positioning the cursor above and to the left or right of a keyframe, Click and hold the mouse button while dragging down and over the keyframes on the multiple layers. The keyframes closest to the right of the inside of the rubber band on each layer will become selected (as long as the keyframes are within the rubber banded region). These keyframes need not exist at the same time location. When deleted, the next keyframe to the right of the deleted keyframe on each layer becomes selected. Delete again if desired.
      • 4-b2) Multi-Select. CTRL-click on a keyframe selects it. One 1 keyframe on any layer is selectable at a time. But multiple layers may have a selected keyframe. The keyframes may be located anywhere within the layer. Deleting them selects the next available keyframe located to the right of the deleted keyframe on each layer.

CAPTION KEYFRAME DELETE. The delete methods outlined above also work with caption keyframes. Additionally, when using the click-drag method to delete a caption keyframe, you’ll see a red outline instead yellow.

© 2011 Dale Fenimore

Keyframes: Add/Remove Time

Keyframes are something with which new users are usually unfamiliar. It can take a while to get one’s head wrapped around them before you can use them effectively. Hopefully this article can help shorten that learning curve. This is not really a tutorial nor is it an in-depth treatment of how to use them. However, it is a description of how to add or remove time from a keyframe (and thereby add or remove time from a slide without directly adjusting the slide time. This information is especially useful if you want to add time without affected other keyframes on the same layer).

IMPORTANT: Time is added or removed from a keyframe’s right side (see exception below).

  • Move the cursor over a keyframe and right click. Select “Add/Remove Time from Keyframe” from the resulting menu.
    Add/Remove Time

    Add/Remove Time
  • In the resulting dialog (see below), select the keyframe to/from which to add/remove time.
  • In the Time:box,
    • ADD time with a positive number
    • REMOVE time with a negative numberAdd time here
      Add time to keyframe
    • Time is removed only from the region in which the keyframe exists (in other words, the transition in/out or slide time). See example below.
    • Removing time from the last keyframe (which is also firewalled to the far right), results in no removed time (since there is no time to the right of the keyframe to remove!)

      Add time area
      Add/Remove Time Region

    Use this information to remove unnecessary/unwanted time from a slide without affecting the amount of time between the layer’s other keyframes.

    Exception

    When there is no transition out time (to the right of the slide) and the last keyframe is firewalled to the far right, time added to this last keyframe is actually added to the keyframe’s LEFT side! If, however, the transition time is non-zero, time is added on the keyframe’s right side! This is odd, inconsistent behavior! Probably a bug masquerading as a feature.

    NOTE: As of this writing, this behavior is present up to and including Version 5.

    Caveats

    You can only delete the amount of time that exists between the selected and next keyframes.

    • If all time between two keyframes is removed, the keyframe that existed to the right of the keyframe from which time is removed will cease to exist (it’s replaced; the values of the resulting keyframe are those of the selected keyframe).

    Another limit is related to the amount of time between the keyframe and the point where the slidetime begins/ends and transition time ends/begins. If the amount of time deleted is larger than the available amount time to delete, all time (and only the time) from the keyframe to the demarcation (that is where the slide time ends and the transition out starts) is deleted. For instance,

    • Suppose keyframe 1 is located a the far left (firewalled on the left side) and the transition time is a total of 3 seconds. If the amount of time selected to delete is 20s, the entire transition time is deleted and the slidetime is unaffected.
    • If the time between the slidetime keyframe and the transition out is 3 seconds and 15 seconds are removed from the keyframe, only 3 seconds is actually removed.

    Removing time from a keyframe also results in time being removed from all other layers on the slide from the time at which the keyframe exists. As such, be careful that you don’t end up with significantly overlapped or removed (i.e., deleted) keyframes on those other layers. If you are removing time from a slide to shorten it and/or to remove excess/unneeded time, try to ensure that no important keyframes exist to the right of the time point on any layer above or below the layer from which time is being removed.

    IMPORTANT NOTE
    There is a bug in the public release 4.52.3053 of Producer (This bug may also be present in versions 3.2 through 4.1 since a similar, possible the same bug was present). This bug causes keyframes to jump into a position where they would not normally appear (such as from keyframe 1, 2, 3, and 4 to keyframe 1, 3, 2, 4). If time is removed from a keyframe that is not the last keyframe (on the current or another layer), 1 or more of these keyframes may land in front of a keyframe they should be behind!

    SLIDE TIME: Change it without Affecting Existing Keyframes

    • TO LENGTHEN
      In this case, two conditions are required. The keyframe to which time is added
    1. Must exist within the slide time,
    2. be the last keyframe on all layers before the start of the transition out region.
      Further, that keyframe must have at least 0.001 seconds of space between it and the start of the transition out region. That’s because, as given above, time is added to the right of the keyframe AND is added to the region in which the keyframe exists. Now, add the desired amount of time.
    • TO SHORTEN
      The assumption here is that the excess/unnecessary time exists at the end of a slide. Therefore, removed time must come from the right side of last keyframe (on any layer) (NOTE: see the Important Note above). Remove the slide’s extra time as given above. If necessary, add a keyframe at the point that will become the end of the slide and delete the desired amount of time. Then, delete that keyframe (if it’s no longer needed).

    2011/2012 Dale Fenimore

    that keyframe MUST be the last keyframe before the start of the transition outregion.T

    Adding Time